Introductie Esteban Vicente: (In bewerking)
was een Spaans / Amerikaans kunstschilder. Hij werd in 1903 geboren in Segovia ES. Hij kreeg zijn opleiding aan de Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Madrid ES. Daarna vestigde hij zich in Parijs FR, waar hij geregeld in contact stond met Max Ernst en Picasso Estoban. Vicente vestigde zich in de jaren vijftig in de US. Hij behoorde samen met schilders als Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning en Mark Rothko tot de pioniers van het Abstracte Expressionisme. Hij had ondermeer exposities in San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Hij ontving de ……. prijs. Belangrijke werken worden gerekend tot het Abstract Expressionisme.
Esteban Vicente, Red Field, 1972, olie op canvas, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente.
Esteban Vicente was born in Turégano, Midden-Spanje on January 20, 1903. His mother, Sofia Pérez y Álvarez came from an Asturian family and was born in Valladolid. His father, Toribio Vicente Ruiz, came from a military family near Salamanca and was an army officer.
Vicente’s father resigned his commission and moved his family to the capital, Madrid, where he worked as a buildings administrator for the Banco de España so that the children could be educated at good Jesuit schools.
Vicente was taken to the Museo del Prado by his father, an art enthusiast, almost every Sunday from the time he was four years old and began to draw when he was sixteen. He was expected to follow family tradition and join the army. After three months in military school he decided to become an artist.
Esteban Vicente enrolled at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes in Madrid in 1921 intending to study sculpture. He completed his training in 1924. Commenting on his experience at the Academy he said “It doesn’t give you any ideas about anything. It gives you tools, and teaches you about materials. Academic training is safe. It prepares you to be against”.
In the mid- and late 1920s, Vicente became fully immersed in Madrid’s cultural milieu, including the “Generation of ‘27”, a group of poets, artists, and other intellectuals interested in the avant-garde. His circle included Luis Buñuel, and he met Pablo Picasso and Michael Sonnabend.
He had his first one-man exhibition in Madrid in 1928, after which he left for Paris FR waar hij Pablo Picasso en Max Ernst leerde kennen. and did not return to Spain until 1930.
In 1935 he married Estelle Charney, an American whom he had met in Paris FR.
After the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 Vicente, supporting the Loyalist forces, painted camouflage in the mountains outside Madrid for a few months.
After exhibiting for several years in Paris, Barcelona, and Madrid, Vicente moved to New York US in 1936. The (Loyalist) Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. set him up as a Vice Consul in Philadelphia, a position which supported his family for three years.
During his first decade in New York, Vicente exhibited at the Kleeman Galleries (1936), the Bonestell Gallery, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and developed friendships with critic Walter Pach and painter Joseph Stella. By the late 1940s, Vicente was committed to exploring abstraction, giving up his earlier representational style of painting.
Vicente had ample time to continue with his art and had his first one-man show in New York at the Kleeman Gallery in 1937.
After the fall of the Spanish Republic in 1939 he returned to New York City.
During World War II he supported himself with portrait commissions and by teaching Spanish.
A 1945 exhibition in Puerto Rico led in 1946 to a position at the University of Puerto Rico teaching painting.
After his return to New York in 1947 he established relationships with most of the members of the nascent New York School, participating in their seminal exhibitions at the Kootz Gallery in 1950, in the 9th Street Art Exhibition in 1951 and in exhibitions at the Sidney Janis Gallery and Charles Egan Gallery.
Subsequently he was represented by the Leo Castelli, André Emmerich and Berry-Hill Galleries in New York City.
He was a founding member of the New York Studio School, where he taught for 36 years.
Although he never exhibited in Spain during the rule of Francisco Franco,
In de jaren vijftig was Esteban Vicente met zijn extensive personal and professional connections and a commitment to pursuing avant-garde art, had hij een centrale rol in New York’s burgeoning postwar art scene. In the midst of the Abstract Expressionist movement, Vicente was a core member of the New York School, which included colleagues and friends Franz Kline, Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Barnett Newman. He was a voting member of The Club, een forum dat een belangrijke rol vervulde bij de vorming van het abstracte expressionisme, ook wel de New-Yorkse school of Action Painting genoemd. Hij deelde met Willem de Kooning een studio op in New York US.
The influential galleries and critics of Abstract Expressionsim recognized Vicente’s bold, gestural work as of central importance to the era. He showed with Charles Egan, Leo Castelli, and Andre Emmerich, among others; friends included Harold Rosenberg and Thomas Hess. Clement Greenberg and Meyer Schapiro included him in the Kootz Gallery’s “Talent 1950” exhibition, and Vicente participated in the seminal “Ninth Street” exhibition the following year.
Vicente maintained a house and studio in Bridgehampton, New York from 1964.
Vicente continued to work and exhibited regularly well into his nineties. In 1991, King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia awarded him the Gold Medal of Honor in the Fine Arts, Spain’s most important honor in the arts.
in 1998 the Spanish government opened the Esteban Vicente Museum of Contemporary Art in Segovia.
He has been honored as a renowned artist and child advocate by a New York City Bronx School Public School 170, a Kindergarten to Second Grade school has been named the Esteban Vicente school. A family member has incorporated Art programs into the schools. Students’ talents emerge as they are exposed to the culture. At PS 170 students learn about Esteban Vicente and his style, color and design. Examples of his work adorn the walls of the school.
Esteban Vicente died in Bridgehampton on January 10, 2001. He has a museum devoted to him in Segovia ES, the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo waar na zijn overlijden zijn as is bijgezet.
In addition to the Museum de Arte Contemporaneo Esteban Vicente in Segovia, the artist’s work is held in most major museums in the United States, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the Guggenheim Museum, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the Art Institute of Chicago.
In March 2011 the Grey Art Gallery at New York University exhibited Concrete Improvisations: Collages and Sculpture by Esteban Vicente. In addition to 60 paper collages, the exhibit included 20 of Vicente’s small-scale assemblages called divertimentos (toys), composed from pieces of found wood and covered with white plaster, with others composed of plastic and wood with architectonic elements.
Esteban Vicente, Luminous, 1983, Oil on canvas, 54 x 68 inches, Hollis Taggart Galeries NY (2017)
Zijn geboorteland drukte een belangrijk stempel op zijn gehele oeuvre. Zijn schilderijen kenmerken zich door helder licht en levendige kleuren.
From the 1960s on, Vicente refined his gestural style of painting and collage to reflect a more reductive approach that employed vibrant color harmonies and contrasts. He sought control and order in his work, rejecting the idea of the unconscious as an artistic guide, a notion embraced by some of his contemporaries. Instead, his carefully constructed mature compositions were evocative, dramatic, and nuanced. Thinly applied pigments and spare collage elements created works defined by light and structure. Vicente approached each artwork not as a single, discrete piece, but as a facet of his oeuvre: “any one of my paintings is part of a sequence, part of a total . . . . Each painting is solved in its own way, yet the continuation, the process, envelops all of them.”
Poet and critic John Ashbery described Vicente as “known and admired as one of the best teachers of painting in America.” Among his many teaching positions were jobs at Black Mountain College, the University of California at Berkeley and Los Angeles, Yale University, Princeton University, and Columbia University. His students included Dorothea Rockburne, Chuck Close, and Brice Marden.
Naam werk, Jaar, Afmetingen (B x H x D), Medium (Acryl op doek), Toelichting (eventueel).
Naam: Esteban Vicente.
Geboren: 20.01.1903, Turégano ES (Midden Spanje).
Overleden: 10.01.2001, Bridgehampton, Southampton, New York US.
Woon / werkplaatsen:
- 1903 – ????, Turégano ES.
- ???? – ????, Madrid ES.
- ???? – ????, Parijs FR.
- 1936 – 1940, Philadelphia.
- 1940 –
- ???? – 2001, New York US.
- 1921 – 1924, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid ES.
- ????, New York Studio School (oprichter?) Docent?
- 1946, Docent schilderen University of Puerto Rico.
- 1991, Gold Medal of Honor in the Fine Arts, Spain’s most important honor in the arts.
Vertegenwoordiging: The Harriet and Esteban Vicente Foundation, Inc. (2001)
Adres: 110 W. 40th St., Ste. 402, New York City, NY US.
Telefoon: (914) 834-2272
- Abstract Expressionisme | US/EU | 1905 – Heden | Schilderijen, Sculpturen.
- Action Painting | US | 1945 – Heden | Schilderijen.
- ???? – ????, Studieperiode.
- ???? – ????, Representational.
- ???? – ????, Abstract Expressionisme.
Bekende werken: Red Field, Kalani Hawaii, Orange, Red, Black.
Projecten / opdrachten:
- ???? – ????, ‘Generation of ‘27”, Madrid ES.
- ???? – ????, ‘The Club’, New York US.
- Max Ernst.
- Pablo Picasso.
Leerling van en/of invloed van:
Leraar van en/of invloed op:
- Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia ES.
- Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- Museum of Modern Art.
- Guggenheim Museum.
- Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
- Art Institute of Chicago.
- Leo Castelli, New York US.
- André Emmerich, New York US.
- and Berry-Hill Galleries, New York US.
- Hollis Taggart Galleries, New York US.
Museumexposities: (Solo / Duo / Groep / ?)
- San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
- 2011, Grey Art Gallery, at New York University ‘Concrete Improvisations'(S).
- 1937, Kleeman Gallery, New York US (S).
- 1995, Esteban Vicente: Collages 1950-1994, Valencia: IVAM Centre Julio González.
- 1987, Esteban Vicente, Pinturas y Collages 1925-1985. Madrid: Fundacion Banco Exterior.
- 1998, Valeriano Bozal, Donación Esteban Vicente, Segovia: Museo de Arte Comtemporáneo Esteban Vicente.
Radio / televisie:
Video / film:
Bronnen: Zie publicaties en websites.
Copyright: The Harriet and Esteban Vicente Foundation, Inc. (2001).
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